AfriREP

Prevalence and Patterns of Gender-based Violence and Revictimization among Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in Soweto, South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Dunkle, Kristin L.
dc.contributor.author Jewkes, Rachel K.
dc.contributor.author Brown, Heather C.
dc.contributor.author Yoshihama, Mieko
dc.contributor.author Gray, Glenda E.
dc.contributor.author McIntyre, James A.
dc.contributor.author Harlow, Siobán D.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-07T15:55:44Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-07T15:55:44Z
dc.date.issued 2004
dc.identifier.uri http://awdflibrary.org:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/709
dc.description.abstract Gender-based violence is a key health risk for women globally and in South Africa. The authors analyzed data from 1,395 interviews with women attending antenatal clinics in Soweto, South Africa, between November 2001 and April 2002 to estimate the prevalence of physical/sexual partner violence (55.5%), adult sexual assault by nonpartners (7.9%), child sexual assault (8.0%), and forced first intercourse (7.3%). Age at first experience of each type of violence was modeled by the Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox hazard models with time-varying covariates were used to explore whether child sexual assault and forced first intercourse were associated with risk of violent revictimization in adulthood. Child sexual assault was associated with increased risk of physical and/or sexual partner violence (risk ratio = 2.43, 95% confidence interval: 1.93, 3.06) and with adult sexual assault by a nonpartner (risk ratio = 2.33, 95% confidence interval: 1.40, 3.89). Forced first intercourse was associated with increased risk of physical and/or sexual partner violence (risk ratio = 2.64, 95% confidence interval: 2.07, 3.38) and nonsignificantly with adult sexual assault by a nonpartner (risk ratio = 2.14, 95% confidence interval: 0.92, 4.98). This study confirms the need for increased attention by the public health community to primary and secondary prevention of gender-based violence, with a specific need to reduce risk among South African adolescents. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Journal of Epidemiology;Vol. 160, No. 3: 230–239
dc.subject Child Abuse en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject Rape en_US
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Women en_US
dc.subject Violence en_US
dc.subject Gender-based violence en_US
dc.title Prevalence and Patterns of Gender-based Violence and Revictimization among Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in Soweto, South Africa en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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