AfriREP

Keep them in School: the Importance of Education as a Protective Factor Against HIV Infection among Young South African Women

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dc.contributor.author Pettifor, Audrey E
dc.contributor.author Levandowski, Brooke A
dc.contributor.author MacPhail, Catherine
dc.contributor.author Padian, Nancy S
dc.contributor.author Cohen, Myron S
dc.contributor.author Rees, Helen V
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-07T11:39:55Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-07T11:39:55Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.uri http://awdflibrary.org:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/704
dc.description.abstract Objective To identify risk factors for HIV infection among young women aged 15–24 years reporting one lifetime partner in South Africa. Design In 2003, we conducted a nationally representative household survey of sexual behaviour and HIV testing among 11 904 young people aged 15–24 years in South Africa. This analysis focuses on the subset of sexually experienced young women with only one reported lifetime sex partner (n¼1708). Methods Using the proximate determinants framework and the published literature we identified factors associated with HIV in young women. The associations between these factors and HIV infection were explored in multivariable logistic regression models. Results Of the young women, 15% reporting one lifetime partner were HIV positive. In multivariable analyses, young women who had not completed high school were more likely to be infected with HIV compared with those that had completed high school (AOR 3.75; 95% CI 1.34–10.46). Conclusions Young South African women in this population were at high risk of HIV infection despite reporting only having one lifetime partner. Few individual level factors were associated with HIV infection, emphasizing the importance of developing HIV prevention interventions that address structural and partner level risk factors. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Epidemiology;37:1266–1273
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.subject Education en_US
dc.subject Prevention en_US
dc.subject HIV en_US
dc.subject Proximate determinants framework en_US
dc.subject Partner level risk factors en_US
dc.subject Interventions en_US
dc.title Keep them in School: the Importance of Education as a Protective Factor Against HIV Infection among Young South African Women en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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