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Gender Differences in Water Access and Household Welfare among Smallholder Irrigators in Msinga Local Municipality, South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Sinyolo, Sithembile A.
dc.contributor.author Sinyolo, Sikhulumile
dc.contributor.author Mudhara, Maxwell
dc.contributor.author Ndinda, Catherine
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-28T13:29:17Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-28T13:29:17Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://awdflibrary.org:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/703
dc.description.abstract This study investigates the gender differences in water access and its welfare effects using a sample of 291 irrigators from two irrigation schemes in the Msinga Local Municipality, South Africa. The data were analysed using the Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition method and the instrumental variable (IV) regression approach. The study findings highlight unequal access to irrigation water between male and female farmers, with women accessing irrigation water more frequently than women. The results also indicate a positive and significant effect of water access on incomes per capita, and that men had higher welfare than women. The results suggest that women would achieve higher welfare than men with the same level of water access. This implies that a deliberate policy to attain equity in access to water and other productive resources could be more effective in combating poverty compared to the status quo. The BO decomposition results reveal that 94% of the gender-based water access differential is attributable to differences in observable characteristics, while only 6% is attributable to differences in coefficients. This implies minimal inherent gender discrimination in water access. The study findings suggest that policies targeting observable characteristics (such as organising farmers into groups, registering them as water users and involving women in scheme management) would diminish the gender gap in water access in the rural areas of South Africa, and enhance the welfare of women. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of International Women’s Studies;Vol. 19, No. 5
dc.subject Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition en_US
dc.subject Water access en_US
dc.subject Smallholder irrigation en_US
dc.subject Household welfare en_US
dc.subject Water access en_US
dc.subject Women in scheme management en_US
dc.title Gender Differences in Water Access and Household Welfare among Smallholder Irrigators in Msinga Local Municipality, South Africa en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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