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|Title:||Gender and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Putting Gender on the MAP|
|Authors:||Gender Team, AFTPM|
|Abstract:||HIV/AIDS is a significant—and worsening—health, economic, and social issue in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Africa’s share of the global pandemic is very high (Figure 1). Of Africa’s 23.0 million adults living with HIV/AIDS, 13.2 million are women, constituting 77% of the world’s women with HIV/AIDS (data for end-2003). Africa is the only continent where HIV prevalence is higher for women than for men—women account for the majority of adults (57%) living with HIV/AIDS. The aggregates mask key age/sex differences in HIV prevalence. For every 15-19-year-old boy who is infected, there are five to six girls infected in the same age group. The trends in age/sex differentiated prevalence rates for people aged 15-24, as revealed in the end-2001 UNAIDS data, suggest that the situation for young women has worsened considerably in most countries over this period, while the situation for young men is more mixed (Figure 2). On this evidence, Africa is losing the fight to protect its youngest—and most vulnerable—women from the scourge of HIV/AIDS.|
|Appears in Collections:||Gender and Sexuality|
HIV / AIDS
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